quarta-feira, 13 de junho de 2018

Verb to be - present + past



O verbo to be significa "ser" e " estar". O verbo to be varia de pessoa para pessoa no presente e no passado, mas é uma exceção. As pessoas (pronomes pessoais) em inglês são, no singular: I, you, he, she, it (eu, você, ele, ela, ele/ela para o que não é pessoa). No plural: we, you, they (nós, vocês, eles/elas). 

PRONOME PESSOAL
PRESENTE
PASSADO
1ª pessoa do singular – I
am
was
2ª pessoa do singular – you
you are
you were
3ª pessoa do singular – he, she ou it
he/she/it is
he/she/it was
1ª pessoa do plural – we
we are
we were
2ª pessoa do plural – you
you are
you were
3ª pessoa do plural – they
they are
they were
Quando se fala de maneira informal, o verbo to be pode ser contraído (assim como fazemos quando usamos  ao invés de está, por exemplo):
I am > I’m
you are > you’re
he is > he’s
she is > she’s
it is > it’s
we are > we’re
they are > they’re
Na negativa, podemos só acrescentar not ou contrair:
are not = aren’t
is not = isn’t
were not = weren’t
was not = wasn’t
Fonte: http://englishlive.ef.com/pt-br/blog/ingles-basico-o-famoso-verbo-to-be/


Vamos praticar. Responda com respostas afirmativas e negativas.

Are you at home?
Are you fat?
Are you skinny?                   
Are you beautiful?               
Are you ugly?                      
Are you intelligent?             
Are you dumb?                    
Are you old?                        
Are you young?                   
Are you optimistic?            
Are you pessimistic?           
Are you cold?                      
Are you hot?                      
Are you tall?
Are you short?
Are you at work?
Are you at school?
Are you at the bank?
Are you at the mall?
Are you (at/on) the beach?
Are you sick?
Are you tired?
Are you calm?
Are you anxious?
Are you bored?
Are you happy?
Are you sad?
Are you stressed?
Are you in Rio de Janeiro?
Are you downtown?
Are you nervous?
Are you religious?
Are you accessible?
Are you aggressive?
Are you ambitious?
Are you conceited?
Are you generous?
Are you tacky?
Are you vengeful?
Are you communicative?
Are you courageous?
Are you addicted to chocolate?


Were you at home yesterday at 4 pm?
Were you at work yesterday at 5 pm?
Were you at school yesterday at 3 pm?
Were you at the bank yesterday at 2 pm?
Were you at the mall yesterday at 1pm?
Were you (at/on) the beach yesterday in the afternoon?
Were you sick yesterday?
Were you tired yesterday at 6 pm?
Were you calm yesterday?
Were you anxious yesterday?
Were you bored yesterday?
Were you happy yesterday?
Were you sad yesterday?
Were you stressed yesterday?
Were you in Florianópolis yesterday?
Were you in Rio de Janeiro yesterday?
Were you downtown yesterday?
Were you nervous yesterday?


J Pesquise, investigue, seja independente e autônomo. Seja você o maior responsável pelo processo de ensino-aprendizagem. J

Fontes: Express Grammar of English, The Richmond, Amos-Prescher.
             The Grammar book, Oxford, Swan & Walter.
    English Grammar in use, Cambridge, Raymond Murphy.     

Verb there to be - verbo haver


There + to be = haver, existir.
Presente
Passado
There is = existe, há
There was = existia, havia
There is not (negativa)
There was not (negative)
There are = existem, há
There were = existiam, havia
There are not (negativa)
There were not (negativa)
Is there? (interrogativa)
Was there? (interrogativa)
Are there? (Interrogativa)
Were there? (interrogativa)





Formas abreviadas: there’s, there isn’t, there aren’t, there wasn’t, there weren’t.
Usa-se there + to be para indicar que:
·        Algo existe
·        Um evento ou atividade
·        Quantidade
Erro comum feito por estudantes brasileiros:
Tem uma TV em casa. (Have one TV at home).
Não se fala assim. O correto é: There is one TV at home.
Em português é comum usar o verbo “ter” no sentido de haver, existir. Em inglês não se faz isso. É preciso
 usar o verbo “there to be”.
Pesquise como é o verbo “there to be” no Simple Future e nos modal verbs. Faça frases e depois trabalhe nas traduções.

J Pesquise, investigue, seja independente e autônomo. Seja você o maior responsável pelo processo de ensino-aprendizagem. J


Fontes: Express Grammar of English, The Richmond, Amos-Prescher.
             The Grammar book, Oxford, Swan & Walter.
    English Grammar in use, Cambridge, Raymond Murphy.     

Verb tenses - tempos verbais


Verb tenses in English:


Verb Tenses
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
Simple Present
I eat pizza every day.

I don’t eat pizza every day.
Do you eat pizza every day?
Present Continuous
I’m eating pizza now.
I’m not eating pizza now.
Are you eating pizza now?
Simple Past
I ate pizza yesterday.
I didn’t eat pizza yesterday.
Did you eat pizza yesterday?
Past Continuous
I was eating pizza yesterday at 2pm.
I wasn’t eating pizza yesterday at 2pm.
Were you eating pizza yesterday at 2pm?
Future Going to
I’m going to eat pizza tomorrow.
I’m not going to eat pizza tomorrow.
Are you going to eat pizza tomorrow?
Future Will
I will eat pizza tomorrow.
I won’t eat pizza tomorrow.
Will you eat pizza tomorrow?
Future Continuous
I will be eating pizza tomorrow at 10pm.
I won’t be eating pizza tomorrow at 10pm.
Will you be eating pizza tomorrow at 10pm?
Conditional
I would eat pizza.
I wouldn’t eat pizza.
Would you eat pizza?
Conditional Continuous
I would be eating pizza.
I wouldn’t be eating pizza.
Would you be eating pizza?
Present Perfect
I have eaten pizza.
I haven’t eaten pizza.
Have you (ever) eaten pizza?
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been eating pizza.
I haven’t been eating pizza.
Have you been eating pizza?
Past Perfect
I had eaten pizza.
I hadn’t eaten pizza.
Had you eaten pizza?
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been eating pizza before 2pm.
I hadn’t been eating pizza before 2pm.
Had you been eating pizza before 2pm?
Future Perfect
I will have eaten pizza.
I won’t have eaten pizza.
Will you have eaten pizza?
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been eating pizza?
I won’t have been eating pizza.
Will you have been eating pizza?
Conditional Perfect
I would have eaten pizza.
I wouldn’t have eaten pizza.
Would you have eaten pizza?
Conditional Perfect Continuous
I would have been eating pizza.
I wouldn’t have been eating pizza.
Would you have been eating pizzza?